The Suffolk Sandlings is an area of beautiful, wild lowland heath, Britain’s rarest wildlife habitat, which runs in places from North Suffolk to Ipswich. The landscape, once dominated by woodland, is rich in flora and fauna and a huge tourist attraction. This habitat has declined by 90% in the last century and is now very rare. The Leiston Common information board pictured below says “This is our rain forest”!
Perhaps as long as 4,000 years ago, large expanses of heathland had already developed in this area, a patchwork of grassland, gorse, scattered trees and heather. Grazing intensified with the introduction of sheep, around 1,000 years ago, and dominated farming in the Sandlings until recently.
Over millennia the sandy, free-draining acidic soils allowed the development of its characteristic heathland plants, dominated by heathers, acid grassland or lichens and this habitat has its own characteristic and now very rare reptiles, insects and bird species such as the adder,silver-studded blue butterfly and nightjar. Heathland is as important for wildlife as it is beautiful to look at so, to maintain this vital and historic landscape and to conserve the habitat,careful management is essential and grazing has been successfully reintroduced in some areas.
Fortunately, the ecological value of the heaths is now well understood and all the significant remaining fragments of the Sandlings are now protected as a fundamental part of the Suffolk Coast & Heaths AONB (“Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty”). In the UK today there are estimated to be 143,000 acres of lowland heathland, which is about 20%of the total world resource. http://www.suffolkcoastandheaths.org/our-landscape/heathland/
UNFORTUNATELY, PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW ENERGY PROJECTS ON COASTAL SUFFOLK COULD DESTROY MUCH OF THIS UNIQUE HABITAT and according to research commissioned by The Suffolk Coast Destination Management Organisation (DMO) will severely IMPACT THE LOCAL VISITOR ECONOMY BY UP TO £40M PER YEAR AND COULD RESULT IN 400 JOB LOSSES: https://www.suffolkenergyactionsolutions.co.uk/news/tourist-survey-reports-loss-of-up-to-ps40m-per-year-and-could-result-in-400-job-losses
There are two long-distance footpaths through the area threatened with development:
1. The Sandlings Walk is a 60-mile footpath that runs through the Suffolk Sandlings which used to stretch from the outskirts of Ipswich to Southwold, an area of lowland heath and Britain's rarest wildlife habitat. It was created as part of the wider habitat work supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund to safeguard the Suffolk Sandlings, linking the remaining heaths. The nightjar, one of the rare and special birds of the Sandlings, has been chosen as the logo of the Sandlings Walk and is used to waymark the trail. There is also a series of 11 sculptures by local artist Henry Tebbutt along the route, showing the nightjar in pursuit of a moth. Starting on the outskirts of Ipswich, the route passes through Rushmere Common, Sutton Heath, Rendlesham Forest, Butley Corner, Tunstall Forest, Friston, North Warren, Thorpeness, Sizewell, Minsmere, Dunwich Heath, Dunwich Forest, the Suffolk Coast National Nature Reserve and Southwold.
2. The Suffolk Coast Path is a long-distance footpath along the Suffolk Heritage Coast, covering 50 miles (80 km) from Felixstowe to Lowestoft.
These paths are well used by tourists, birdwatchers, walkers, cyclists, runners and horse riders – all are important assets for physical and mental health. Visitors come to the area to enjoy the peace and tranquillity, large open spaces, treasured dark skies, fresh air and the feeling of escape and being 'off-grid'. Birdwatchers come from nearby RSPB Minsmere as there are nesting European Skylarks, Nightingales, Nightjars, Tawny Owls, Barn Owls and Buzzards and the rare Stone Curlew has now returned to Leiston Common.
During the construction of 60m wide cable trenching. which could take up to 12 years to complete, footpaths and bridleways will be crossed and closed, wildlife corridors cut off, bird life disturbed and disrupted. The largest population of transitory Red Deer outside Scotland is found here, as well as Muntjak Deer, badgers, foxes and numerous butterflies and dragonflies. Minsmere Nature Reserve and several SSSIs (Site of Special Scientific Interest) are located close by and support many other nationally important species.
Wardens Trust is the holiday destination that will be closest to the proposed landfall area and the drilling equipment to be used going under the cliffs. Their website https://wardenstrust.org/ has two excellent sub-sections at the bottom of their home page, (1) Flora and Fauna, and (2) Birds around Wardens - both contain records of all the species that have been seen in the area.
Books covering the importance of this habitat:
The creatures shown in the 1949 King Penguin Book ‘British Reptiles and Amphibia’ were from the heathland and marshes around Leiston, illustrated by Paxton Chadwick, and ‘In Search of Heathland’ was written by his wife Lee Chadwick at Leiston Common.
Looking at the existing regimes, questions have arisen regarding the suitability of the current regulatory regime for offshore wind. It is currently heavily concentrated on competitiveness, which is considered beneficial for consumers. That means that currently there is no sharing of infrastructure, and each wind farm has an individual connection to transmit the power that it generates. There are three material concerns with this: it is financially inefficient; it has a negative environmental impact; it may have a negative impact on coastal communities where connections make landfall.
Eight Offshore Wind Energy Projects are widely believed to be planned to connect to the National Grid at Friston (this does not include future windfarm projects as a result of the seabed leases awarded by the Crown Estate in relation to the Round 4 process). Cumulative impact means eight substations and interconnectors constructed sequentially or consecutively. Plus, the addition of a nuclear power station, one of the largest in the world. This will be the largest complex of energy infrastructure in the U.K. situated in one of the most fragile ecosystems in the U.K. These are judged to be ill-conceived plans where the process of choosing the site for the mega infrastructure hub is shown to be flawed. There are a number of better alternative brownfield sites for this designated vast complex.